Youth and HIV
- Youth aged 13 to 24 accounted for an estimated 12,200 of all new HIV infections in the United States in 2010. Almost 60% of youth with HIV in the United States do not know they are infected.
- Youth make up roughly 17% of the US population, but account for an estimated 26% (12,200) of all new HIV infections (47,500) in the United States.
HIV and AIDS Diagnoses and Deaths Among Youth (Aged 13-24)
- An estimated 10,456 youth were diagnosed with HIV infection in the United States and six dependent areas in 2011, representing 21% of an estimated 50,199 people diagnosed during that year. Seventy-eight percent (8,140) of these diagnoses occurred in those aged 20 to 24, the highest number and population rate of HIV diagnoses of any age group (36.3 new HIV diagnoses/100,000 people).
- By the end of 2010, of the estimated 39,035 youth living with diagnosed HIV infection in the United States and 6 dependent areas: An estimated 27,621 HIV diagnoses were among young men. Of these, 77% of HIV diagnoses were attributed to male-to-male sexual contact and 13% to perinatal exposure.
- An estimated 11,413 HIV diagnoses were among young women. Of these, 56% were attributed to heterosexual contact and 34% to perinatal exposure.
- In 2011, an estimated 3,004 youth in the United States and six dependent areas were diagnosed with AIDS, a number that has increased 29% since 2008.
- By the end of 2010, an estimated 11,731 youth with an AIDS diagnosis had died in the United States and six dependent areas since the HIV epidemic began.
How many people become infected with HIV each year in the United States? In Orange County?
- bout 50,000 people get infected with HIV each year. In 2010, there were around 47,500 new HIV infections in the United States.
- In Orange County, a little over 5 new infections are reported every week.
How many people are living with HIV in the United States? In Orange County?
- About 1.1 million people in the United States were living with HIV at the end of 2010, the most recent year this information was available. Of those people, about 16% do not know they are infected.
- At the end of 2013, there were 6,215 persons living with HIV disease in Orange County. There is still an estimated 1,364 who are unaware of their HIV status.
Do people still die from HIV?
- Yes. In the United States, about 15,500 people with AIDS died in 2010. HIV disease remains a significant cause of death for certain populations. To date, more than 635,000 individuals with AIDS in the United States have died.
How is HIV passed from one person to another?
- In the United States, HIV is spread mainly by having sex or sharing injection drug equipment such as needles with someone who has HIV.
- Only certain fluids, i.e. blood, semen (cum), pre-seminal fluid (pre-cum), rectal fluids, vaginal fluids, and breast milk, from an HIV-infected person can transmit HIV. These fluids must come in contact with a mucous membrane or damaged tissue or be directly injected into the bloodstream (from a needle or syringe) for transmission to possibly occur. Mucous membranes can be found inside the rectum, the vagina, the opening of the penis, and the mouth.
- Sharing needles, syringes, rinse water, or other equipment (works) used to prepare injection drugs with someone who has HIV.
To visit the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website for futher information, please click here.